Get Connected:

Methodology

Our Philosophy

We base our instruments on a broad philosophy that encompasses the pillar of sustainability: Environmental, Social, and Economic.

The Criteria and Indicators

We selected criteria that are generally considered to be of importance by universities concerned with sustainability. These include the collection of basic information of the size of the university and its zoning profile, whether urban, suburban, or rural. Beyond this we would like to see the degree of green space. The next category of information concerns with electricity consumption because of its link to our carbon footprint. Then we would like to know about transportation, water usage, waste management, setting & infrastructure, energy & climate change, and education & Research. Beyond these indicators, we would like to get a picture about how the university is responding to or dealing with the issues of sustainability through policies, actions, and communication. The criteria are:

1. Setting and Infrastructure (SI) (15%)

The campus setting and infrastructure information will give the basic information of the university policy towards green environment. This indicator also shows whether the campus deserves to be called Green Campus. The aim is to trigger the participating university to provide more space for greenery and in safeguarding environment, as well as developing sustainable energy. The indicators are:

  • The ratio of open space area towards total area
  • Total area on campus covered in forest vegetation
  • Total area on campus covered in planted vegetation
  • Total area on campus for water absorption besides the forest and planted vegetation
  • The total open space area divided by total campus population
  • Percentage of university budget for sustainability efforts
  • Percentage of operation and maintenance activities of building during Covid-19 pandemic
  • Campus facilities for disabled, special needs and or maternity care
  • Security and safety facilities
  • Health infrastructure facilities for students, academics and administrative staff’s wellbeing
  • Conservation: plant, animal and wildlife, genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in either medium or long-term conservation facilities
2. Energy and Climate Change (EC) (21%)

The university’s attention to the use of energy and climate change issues takes the highest weighting in this ranking. In our questionnaire we define several indicators for this particular area of concern, i.e. energy efficient appliances usage, renewable energy usage policy, total electricity use, energy conservation program, green building, climate change adaptation and mitigation program, greenhouse gas emission reductions policy. With this indicator, universities are expected to increase the effort in energy efficiency on their buildings and to take more about nature and energy resources. The indicators are:

  • Energy efficient appliances usage
  • Smart Building implementation
  • Number of renewable energy sources in campus
  • Total electricity usage divided by total campus population (kWh per person)
  • The ratio of renewable energy production divided by total energy usage per year
  • Elements of green building implementation as reflected in all construction and renovation policies
  • Greenhouse gas emission reductions program
  • Total carbon footprint divided by total campus' population (metric tons per person)
  • Number of innovative program(s) during covid-19 pandemic
  • Impactful university program(s) on climate change
3. Waste (WS) (18%)

Waste treatment and recycling activities are major factors in creating a sustainable environment.The activities of university staff and students in campus will produce a lot of waste, therefore some programs and waste treatments should be among the concern of the university, i.e. recycling program, toxic waste recycling, organic waste treatment, inorganic waste treatment, sewerage disposal, policy to reduce the use of paper and plastic in campus. The indicators are:

  • Recycling program for university's waste
  • Program to reduce the use of paper and plastic in campus
  • Organic waste treatment
  • Inorganic waste treatment
  • Toxic waste handled
  • Sewerage disposal
4. Water (WR) (10%)

Water use in campus is another important indicator in Greenmetric. The aim is that universities can decrease water usage, increase conservation program, and protect the habitat. Water conservation program, piped water use are among the criteria. The indicators are:

  • Water conservation program implementation
  • Water recycling program implementation
  • Water efficient appliances usage
  • Consumption of treated water
  • Percentage of additional handwashing and sanitation facilities during Covid-19 pandemic
5. Transportation (TR) (18%)

Transportation system plays an important role on the carbon emission and pollutant level in university. Transportation policy to limit the number of motor vehicles in campus, the use of campus bus and bicycle will encourage a healthier environment. The pedestrian policy will encourage students and staff to walk around campus, and avoid using private vehicle. The use of environmentally friendly public transportation will decrease carbon footprint around campus. The indicators are:

  • The total number of vehicles (cars and motorcycles) divided by total campus' population
  • Shuttle service
  • Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) policy on campus
  • The total number of Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) divided by total campus population
  • Ratio of ground parking area to total campus' area
  • Program to limit or decrease the parking area on campus for the last 3 years
  • Number of initiatives to decrease private vehicles on campus
  • Pedestrian path on campus
6. Education and Research (ED) (18%)

This criteria is based on the thought that university has an important role in creating the new generation concern with sustainability issues. The indicators are:

  • The ratio of sustainability courses towards total courses/subjects
  • The ratio of sustainability research funding towards total research funding
  • Number of scholarly publications on sustainability
  • Number of events related to sustainability
  • Number of student organizations related to sustainability
  • University-run sustainability website
  • Sustainability report
  • Number of cultural activities on campus
  • Number of university program(s) to cope with Covid-19 pandemic
  • Number of sustainability community services project organized and/or involving students
  • Number of sustainability-related startups
Scoring

Scoring for each item will be numeric so that our data can be processed statistically. Scores will be simple counts of things, or responses on a scale of some sort.

The Weighting of Criteria

Each of the criteria will be categorized in a general class of information and when we process the results, the raw scores will be weighted to give a final calculation.

Refining and Improving the Research Instrument

While we have put every effort into the design and implementation of the questionnaire, we realize that this first version is bound to have shortcomings. Therefore, we will be reviewing the criteria and the weightings continuously to reflect input from participants and state of the art developments in the field. We welcome your comments and suggestions.

Data Collection

Data will be collected between May – October from the universities we have contacted and who are willing to provide information.

Initial Results

The final complete result will be announced in December.